Rapporto OCSE PISA

é uscito il nuovo rapporto OCSE PISA. >>
é un volume veramente cospicuo che fa riflettere sui digital natives e sul cambiamento apportato dalle Nuove Tecnologie alla didattica. Ma c'è stato un cambiamento? Segnalo il blog di Cristobal Cobo >> che ha iniziato una interessante discussione a questo proposito.
Riporto un passo: "Lets come back to the PISA study. Enclosed some of the most interesting results that worth a detailed review:
  • NAVIGATION: “After accounting for students’ performance in print reading, the relationship between digital reading performance and the frequency of browsing the Internet at home for schoolwork is close to linear” (p.189).”Navigation is a key component of digital reading, as readers “construct” their text through navigation. Thus, navigational choices directly influence what kind of text is eventually processed. Stronger readers tend to choose strategies that are suited to the demands of the individual tasks. Better readers tend to minimise their visits to irrelevant pages.” (p.20)
  • SEARCHING FOR INFORMATION: “The more frequently students search for information on line, the better their performance in digital reading. Being unfamiliar with online social practices, such as e-mailing and chatting, seems to be associated with low digital reading proficiency”
  • LACK OF INTEGRATION: “It is likely that the low level of ICT use at school indicates that ICT has not yet been fully integrated into pedagogical practices” (p.153)
  • MODERATE FREQUENCIES OF USE: “The relationship between the frequency of computer use at home for leisure and for schoolwork and digital reading performance is not linear, but rather mountain-shaped: in other words, moderate users attain higher scores in digital reading than both rare and intensive users”.
  • POSITIVE EFFECT OF ICT AT HOME: “The frequency of computer use at home for leisure is positively related to navigation skills, which is an essential and unique part of digital reading, while the frequency of computer use at school is not. These findings suggest that students are developing digital reading literacy mainly by using computers at home to pursue their interests [...] it is important to encourage students to develop navigation skills and to foster self-confidence through using computers at home, while providing guidance on how to balance the amount of time students spend using computers with time for other activities.”
  • NEGATIVE EFFECT OF THE SCHOOL: “Computer use at school is not positively associated with digital reading performance [...] access to computers at school is not the sole determinant of performance; students who use computers at school must also develop the knowledge and skills needed to locate and use the range of information available through the computer.”

Le tecnologie se sono utilizzate in modo sbagliato...diventano un deterrente. C'è da riflettere.